Understanding Aerobic Glycolysis
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Understanding Aerobic Glycolysis

Glycolysis is the process of breaking down of serum sugar (blood glucose) in the body. Sugar is important in producing energy for overall vitality. The glycogen to glucose breakdown is important in the process of releasing energy inside the cells producing pyruvic acid and adenosine triphosphate. ATP or adenosine triphosphate is the carrier of energy once glucose has been broken down. The entire process known as the krebs cycle is involved in many chemical exchanges in the body, but glucose regulation is considered to be one of the many important complex processes that affects the entire organ and system functioning.

What is Aerobic Glycolysis?

Glycogen breakdown in humans utilizes oxygen for proper nourishment and the release of energy from the cells. Once oxygen is inhaled, it goes inside the cell releasing the pyruvic acid and lets out two ATP (adenosine triphosphate) molecules. The molecules carry energy and are distributed in all components of serum, muscles and tissues for nourishment. Glycolysis is the initial stage in the metabolism of carbohydrates or starch (carbohydrate catabolism). It is derived from organic sources like food and is the most abundant of all food sources.

Cellular Respiration

The role of Glycolysis in the process of cellular respiration is focused on the reaction of oxygen with other enzymes like pyruvic acid and ATP. When oxygen is in the serum enters the cells and aids in the oxidation of two molecules carrying energy. Whenever oxygen is inefficient, the body’s compensatory mechanism triggers hormones that would initiate certain reactions in the body’s organs. In the event that metabolism of glucose is handicapped due to the lack of oxygen and other sources are deficient as well, the body would compensate by increasing the demand of oxygen through inspiration. Inspiratory stress would ensue and will eventually increase oxygen concentration in the blood.

Regulation of glucose to maintain vitality in the cells is just one of the few complex processes occurring in the body. Hormonal changes as well as tumor growths may affect blood glucose regulation. These abnormalities can potentially impede the normal regulation cycle of blood sugar in the serum. All of the conditions however can be controlled with medications and in some cases with surgery.

Type 2 diabetes is causing a major worldwide concern for healthcare practitioners and endocrinologists. The incidence of this disease has contributed to an incrementally increasing rate of morbidity and mortality. The main concern in type 2 diabetes is the inability of the cell to produce a glucose regulating hormone known as insulin. If insulin is insufficient or not enough to control glycolic activity, it may result to failure of all the major organs in the body if left uncontrolled and untreated.

Fortunately, diabetes can be controlled through diet and a commercial insulin preparation for patients who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Diet modification as well as medications can be useful in treating other forms of diabetes or hyperglycemia. In the event of an anemia, Glycolysis can also be restricted. If there is an insufficient concentration of oxygen in the blood, energy is not optimally produced. This is why patients with anemia are easily fatigued with mild to moderate difficulty of breathing. Treatments are also readily available for combating the deficiency.

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