The Discovery, Use and Significance of Teflon
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The Discovery, Use and Significance of Teflon

There are so many discoveries in science and technology; some of these are just accidentally discovered such like Teflon. The discovery of Teflon brings the production of the new product in the market that caters the needs of different works in different industries.

There are so many discoveries in science and technology; some of these are just accidentally discovered such like Teflon. The discovery of Teflon brings the production of the new product in the market that caters the needs of different works in different industries.

Teflon is commonly used for insulation tapes as well as sheets that are used in many kinds of electrical equipments and works. It is also use in bearings, in the valve components, in the pump components and in gaskets. Aside from these, Teflon has many uses and its discovery brings new development in different industries.

Teflon has many features; this compound has the capability to resist electric current as well as to other chemical reactions such as corrosion. It does not degrade when expose to moisture. Teflon is also insoluble in cold and hot water, acetone, ether, alcohol, concentrated sulfuric acid, concentrated nitric acid as well as to the other liquids.

It was discovered accidentally and was developed by DuPont's laboratory in New Jersey, USA in the year 1930's. This project of DuPont was assigned to the chemist named Roy J. Plunkett .

Roy J. Plunkett aims to develop a new refrigerant that is as effective as Freon 114. He synthesized the refrigerant using the combination of a gas that is called as the TFE or tetrafluoroethylene and hydrochloric acid.

In the meantime accordingly, Plunket and Jack Rebok his assistant prepared some TFE; they stored it in pressure cylinders for its later uses. In order to prevent the TFE from exploding, Plunket and Rebok kept the canister with TFE content in dry ice.

One of the morning of the month of April 1939, Rebok was surprised when he open the value of a TFE container. As he opened it nothing comes out. Upon the investigation, it was determined that the container has no leakage; that means the contents remain inside the container .

What had happen is that the TFE molecules had join together in long chains and forming a compound now called as PTFE because of the combination of pressure and temperature.

It was the year 1944 when DuPont’s registered the trademark "Teflon" for the compound PTFE.

Even though Teflon was accidentally discovered, it brings the development of the new industry and technology that caters some of the needs of the modern society. The discovery of Teflon became a very useful discovery like the other technological discoveries.

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